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Ten Years Of Android, Google Will Eventually Take The Toll Road?
- Oct 26, 2018 -

Google is preparing to collect patent license fees for Android devices sold in Europe, and the era of free is over.


Recently, a website author pointed out that Google has agreed to make changes to the Android operating system to avoid the EU's $3.8 billion price anti-monopoly ticket.


According to the latest report, most Android manufacturers may pay about $20 per device for up to $40, and there are rumors that companies paying to install Chrome web browsers and Google search engines on their devices are paid. Part or all of the license fee.


As soon as this incident came out, Xiaobian pointed out that the Android system has been around for ten years. Although people are controversial about its true "birthday": Some people think that it is the launch of the Android system on September 23, 2008, and some people think that the first smartphone equipped with the system HTC G1 officially listed on October 20, 2008. No matter which day, at least one point is certain, that is, "2008."


The birth of the Android system is not simple, we may be able to find some answers from the answer of Google's former CEO Eric Schmidt. He once said that this plan began to take shape in about 2000, and hopes to develop a platform that is not subject to other constraints around 2006, essentially to prevent another company from thinking about Microsoft in the mobile market. Obtain absolute dominance.


In fact, Google and Android won. Since its inception in 2008, according to data provided by IDC, Android's share of the world has reached 85%.


Following this starting point in 2008, let's take a look at the 10-year journey of the Android system.


Android ten-year history


2008: Launched Android Beta and Android 1.0. In 2007, the emergence of the iPhone completely changed the concept of smartphones. Then in 2008, Apple first launched the App Store. People naturally think of whether the emergence of Android is a response from Google in response to Apple's change - this is indeed the case.


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AndroidBeta is named Atom, and Android 1.0 is named the clockwork robot. The first Android phone HTC G1 released in September 2008 was originally equipped with this version of the system. It inherits the complete Google Mobile Service (GMS) service, supports full HTML, XHTML web browsing, and web pages, built-in Android Market. Support software downloads and updates, support for multitasking, Bluetooth, Wi-Fi and instant messaging. These features have become the basic functions of today's Android smartphones.


2009: Android 1.5 (Cupcake)


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In the Android 1.5 system launched in April 2009, it added direct uploading pictures or videos from mobile phones to specific websites, added support for virtual keyboards, supported copy and paste and page search functions, and added support for stereo Bluetooth headsets. . In addition, the experience of basic functions such as GPS has also been greatly improved.


Android 1.6 (Donut)


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In September 2009, Google re-launched the official version of Android 1.6 and named it Donut, the "doughnut."


This version of the Android system, for the first time joined the support for CDMA networks, and began to support text-to-speech (Text-to-Speech), join the fast search box, and adopted a new camera interface, which can be directly in the camera Access the album.


Launched with Android 1.6, HTC Hero (G3), with the Android 1.6 system, became one of the most popular mobile phones in the world at the time.


Android 2.0 (Eclair)


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One month after the release of Android 1.6, Google launched the Android 2.0 version in October 2009, announcing that the Android system officially entered the 2.0 era, and this version and the subsequent Android 2.0.1, Android 2.1 is also named together as Eclair, the "muffin".


Functionally, Eclair mainly added support for multiple accounts, increased screen resolution support, support for multi-point keyboards, browser support for HTML5, and support for Bluetooth 2.1 and live wallpapers. The famous Motorola milestone is equipped with this version of the system.


2010: Android 2.2. X (Froyo)


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In May 2010, at the 2010 Google I/O Developers Conference, Android 2.2, called Froyo (Frozen Yogurt), was officially launched.


At this point, the Android system finally came to the forefront with outstanding performance, Google's Nexus One Nexus One series was equipped with this system.


In addition to the significant improvement in performance, Android 2.2 also brings 3G network sharing capabilities, and began to support Flash, App2sd features, also has a new software store, support for the development of more Wed application API interface.


Android 2.3. X(Gingerbread)


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The Android system in the early days of development, although the iteration of the version number is not large, but the new features and improvements brought by it are even more sincere than the current version upgrade. Android 2.3 is a very good example.


Published in December 2010, Android 2.3 was named Gingerbread, which is "Gingerbread", and the entire Android 2. The X system is also the longest service period in Google over the years. This version of the system is produced by a series of flagship mobile phones including the LT26i.


This version of the system has also been improved: including large-scale optimization of user interface, increased fluency, support for new virtual keyboards, text selection, copy and paste functionality, support for NFC, support for VP8 and WebM video formats, AAC and AMR broadband encoding, new audio effects, front-facing cameras, and support for SIP/VOIP and NFC.


2011: Heterogeneous: Android 3. X (Honeycomb)


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The reason why Android 2. X is the longest-serving Android system, because the Android 3.0 released in February 2011 - Honeycomb (Hive) is not a mobile operating system, but a proprietary system for tablets.


Although it is a positive contest with Apple's iPad, it seems that Android is specially designed for tablets. X is still a failure, which makes it the only Android operating system designed specifically for tablets.



Android 4.0 (Ice Cream Sandwich)


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At the end of the two-year Android 2. After the X system ruled, in October 2011, the Android system finally entered the 4.0 era.


Android 4.0 unifies the Android tablet and mobile operating system, and adopts a new UI with first-class fluency. The running speed of banana Android 3.1 is 1.8 times higher. It is based on Linux 3.0 kernel design and supports new Chrome Lite browsing. Device, offline reading, 16 tabs, stealth browsing mode, etc., upgraded image editing functions, integrated communication tools such as Twitter, Linkedin, Google+.


2012: Android 4.1-4.3 (Jelly Bean)


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The three versions of Android 4.1, Android 4.2 and Android 4.3, which were launched between June 2012 and July 2012, were uniformly named Jelly Bean, Jelly Bean.


This stage of the Android system continues to improve, joined the Google Now voice assistant, the virtual keyboard began to support sliding input, joined the blink of an eye to unlock (yes, similar to face unlock), support lock screen tool, stop built-in Flash, system aesthetics Also further improved.


2013: Android 4.4 (Kitkat)


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By September 2013, Google finally brought us the last and most mature Android 4. X system - Android 4.4 Kitkat (Qiao Qi).


The system is also very powerful, bringing up to 15 system improvements:


New dial-up and smart caller ID, memory optimization, system UI evolution, full screen mode, join Emoji keyboard, pedometer, enhanced active voice, integrated Hangouts IM software, easy access to online storage, wireless printing, screen recording, built-in subtitles Management features, low-power audio and positioning modes, new contact payment systems, new Bluetooth profile box infrared compatibility, and more.


2014: Android 5.0 (Lollipop)


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In October 2014, the official version of Android 5.0 was officially released. This version of the Android system was named Lollipop, a lollipop. Also starting from this version, Google began to no longer name the Android system with the letter and dessert for the branch version.


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The biggest change in Android 5.0 is that the system has begun to switch to the flat-style Meterial Design style, from system icons to color styles have become more mature, but also indicates that the Android system has begun to mature.


2015: Android 6.0 (Marshmallow)


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At the 2015 Google I/O conference, Google officially released the Android 6.0 system and named it "Marshmallow."


Android 6.0 still greatly optimizes the system performance, bringing a new Doze lighting management function. When this mode is activated, the mobile phone will automatically clean the background without using it for a long time, which will increase the battery life of the device by about 30%.


Moreover, Android 6.0 also began to support lock screen voice search, native fingerprint recognition, Now on Tap function and App Links.


2016: Android 7.0 (Nougat)


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At the Google I/O conference in May 2016, Google officially released the Android 7.0 system, which was named Nougat, or "Nougat", with the later released Android 7.1 system.


On Android 7.0, features such as split-screen multitasking, message quick reply, phone blacklist and other domestic ROMs have been added, in addition to the new notification management, settings page, and PinnedShortcuts like 3D Touch. Also added to the Android system.


2017: Android 8.0 (Oreo)


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In March 2017, Google announced the first developer preview version of Android 8.0 for developers. At the Google I/O conference in May 2017, Google announced the second version of the Android 8.0 preview system and named it Oreo, Oreo.


In Android 8.0, Google further optimized the background limitations of the Android system and imposed more detailed restrictions on the installation of unknown source applications. It also took the application's startup speed, added the picture-in-picture feature, and added more than 60 Unicode 10 compliant emoticons.


2018: Android 9.0 (Pie)


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On the morning of August 7, 2018 Beijing time, Google officially released the Android 9.0 official version system, and announced that the system version Android P was officially named code "Pie".


In Android 9.0, a new Liu Haiping design similar to iPhone X will be added, which is designed to optimize the display of the screen content, allowing the system or application to make full use of the entire screen, especially the two "cat ears" positions. Google will further integrate Google Assistant into the app to further optimize battery life, support for multi-screen and foldable screens. There are also new features that support the global night mode and add native weather support for phones with Always-on display.


Along the way, Android has become the most advantageous system platform on the planet. Not only has it successfully prevented Windows systems from occupying the mobile market, it has even replaced Windows as the most popular operating system.


I believe that many people have really experienced the computer and the Internet through Android. But once the free Android system will eventually have to go to the charge. Although it is currently charging for Europe, Chinese mobile phone manufacturers have a huge market share in the global market, and more or less will have a certain impact, especially those who expand overseas markets, the impact of overseas mobile phone manufacturers may be more direct some.